SPACE WEATHER MONITORING BY GROUND-BASED MEANS

PC Index

Oleg Troshichev and Alexander Janzhura

SPACE WEATHER MONITORING BY GROUND-BASED MEANS: PC IndexSpace Weather Monitoring by Ground-based Means demonstrates that, when estimated properly, the magnetic activity in the polar cap is an adequate indicator of the solar wind energy that enters into the magnetosphere. As a result, the polar cap magnetic activity index PC starts to grow prior to the onset of the magnetospheric substorms and magnetic storms, and intensity of the magnetospheric disturbances is successfully estimated by the PC growth rate.

The book discusses the fact that the polar cap magnetic activity is very sensitive to geoeffective changes of the solar wind parameters and, as a result, can be used to monitor solar wind variations and their effect on the magnetosphere, i.e. solar weather. It describes new and reliable methods of space weather monitoring and shows how the unified procedure provides consistent data from northern and southern polar regions irrespective of the UT time, season, and solar cycle.


Table of Contents
List of figures
List of tables
List of abbreviations and acronyms
About the authors


1. Introduction
2. Physical background (historical outline)
3. A method for the PC index determination
4. Special features of procedure for on-line PC index derivation
5. Solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling and the PC index
6. PC index response to solar wind geoeffective variations
7. PC index as an indicator of substorm development
8. PC index as an indicator of magnetic storm development
9. Specific features of magnetic distubances occurring under conditions of a steadily high energy input into the magnetosphere
10. Magnetic disturbances developing under conditions of northward IMF
11. Causative discrepancies between summer and winter PC indices: physical implications
12. Monitoring of the auroral ionosphere
13. PC index as indicator of anomalous atmospheric processes in the winter Antarctica
14. Conclusions

Acknowledgements
Index



Extent: 320 pages, Black and white/colour images integrated with text
Binding: Hardback
Published: 2012
ISBN: 978-3-642-16802-4



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