Precursory Seismic Electic Signals, Earthquakes and other Complex Time Series

NATURAL TIME

The New View of Time

Panayiotis A. Varotsos, Nicholas V. Sarlis and Efthimios S. Skordas

NATURAL TIME: THE NEW VIEW OF TIME This book deals with the theory and applications of a new time domain, termed natural time, first brought forward by the authors almost a decade ago. In particular, it has been found that novel dynamical features hidden behind time series in complex systems can emerge when they are analyzed in this new time domain, thus conforming to the desire to reduce uncertainty and extract signal information as much as possible. The analysis in natural time enables the study of the dynamical evolution of a complex system and identifies when the system enters a critical stage. Hence, natural time plays a key role in predicting impending catastrophic events in general.

Natural Time Analysis: The New View of Time details a series of such examples including the identification of sudden cardiac death risk, the recognition of electric signals that precede earthquakes, the determination of the time of an impending major mainshock, and the analysis of the avalanches of the penetration of magneticl flux into thin films of type II superconductors. In general, it is concerned with the time-series analysis of signals emitted from complex systems by means of the new time domain and provides a sound grounding in the fundamentals of current research work on detecting (long-range) correlations in complex time series. Furthermore, modern techniques of Statistical Physics in time series analysis (for example, Hurst analysis, the detrended fluctuation analysis, the wavelet transform etc) are presented, along with their advantages when natural time domain is employed.


Table of Contents

Preface
Acronyms
Symbols
Author biographies

I Seismic Electric Signals
    1. Introduction to Seismic Electric Signals

II Natural Time Foundations
    2. Natural Time. Background
    3. Entropy in Natural Time
III Natural Time Applications
    4. Natural Time Analysis of Seismic Electric Signals
    5. Natural Time Investigation of the Effect of Significant Data Loss on Identifying Seismic Electric Signals
    6. Natural Time Analysis of Seismicity
    7. Identifying the Occurrence Time of an Impending Mainshock
    8. Natural Time Analysis of Dynamical Models
    9. Natural Time Analysis of Electrocardiograms
Index


Extent: 470 pages, black and white/colour images integrated with text
Binding: Hardback
Published: 2012
ISBN: 978-3-642-16448-4



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