# ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION DYNAMICS and GENERAL CIRCULATION MODELS (Second Edition)

### Masaki Satoh

This updated and revised edition of

*Atmospheric Circulation Dynamics and General Circulation Models* concentrates on the physical mechanisms responsible for the development of large-scale circulation of the atmosphere. It describes the dynamical interpretations of the atmospheric structure and their aspects in the general circulation model, how to make the general circulation models of the atmosphere and how the models perform.

This book combines the theoretical concepts, simple models, and numerical methods for modeling the general circulation of the atmosphere. In particular, it offers comprehensive coverage of an important and rapidly-developing technique used in atmospheric science - high-resolution global nonhydrostatis modeling - with a discussion of results obtained from the non-hydrostatic ICosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM). The book consists of three parts:

- Part 1 summarizes the physical processes involved, including basic equations, waves and instabilities;
- Part 2 covers atmospheric structures, including various types of one- and two-dimensional structures and circulations;
- Part 3 describes the basic notions for construction of general circulation models of the atmosphere and their applications.

An appendix incorporates the basic data and mathematical formulae required to enable readers to construct GCMS for themselves

**Table of Contents**
Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

List of figures

List of tables

**Part I Principle Ideas **

1. Basic equations

2. Basic balances and stability

3. Approximations of equations

4. Waves

5. Instability

6. Forced motions

7. Eddy transport

8. Thermodynamics of moist air

9. Basic equations of moist air

10. Radiation process

11. Turbulence

**Part II Atmospheric Structures **

12. Global energy budget

13. Latitudinal energy balance

14. Vertical structure

15. Moist convection

16. Low-latitude circulations

17. Circulations on a sphere

18. Midlatitude circulations

19. Global mixing

**Part III General Circulation Modeling **

20. Basic equations of hydrostatic general circulation models

21. Spectral method on a sphere

22. Vertical discretization of hydrostatic models

23. Time integration methods of the spectral model

24. Nonhydrostatic modeling

25. Icosahedral grids

26. Global nonhydrostatic models

27. Standard experiments of atmosphereic general circulation models

Appendix A1: Transformation of coordinates

Appendix A2: Physical constants

Appendix A3: Meridional structure

Index

**Extent: **736 pages, Black and white/colour images integrated with text

**Binding:** Hardback

**Published:** 2013

**ISBN: **978-3-642-13573-6

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